Food Field Trip: Volcano Island Honey

Food Field Trip: Volcano Island Honey

It was if the skies were weeping there was so much rain falling and yet, not even 24 hours prior, I had been crossing fields of lava rock in heat so dry I could’ve baked flatbread.

Arid landscape on the Kona side of Hawaii

After taking my Hyundai rental car to its limit by off-roading over a pot hole-ridden, washed out road, I trekked by foot to access a hidden beach. It’s not exactly hidden as it is a state park, but I would have zipped past the highway exit had my friend not given us detailed directions.

Beach at Kekaha Kai State Park

Happy to have found my own slice of paradise, I decided to bury myself in the sand and soak up the sun on the isolated beach. I fell asleep under a tree with the waves lapping at my feet and, for the first time all year, I felt like I was on vacation. Not even 10 minutes later, I was awoke to the sound of somebody eating behind me.

Goats snacking on the beach at Kehkaha Kai

When I turned around, I saw it wasn’t somebody but some thing that was eating because a group of goats were snacking just a few feet away. I had completely missed them when I arrived but realized they had set up camp in the abandoned diving cottage a few yards behind them. I took a few photos of them enjoying the rocky terrain and, true to their nature, eating every green thing in site. Though they weren’t hostile it was clear that I was on their turf so I headed out leaving them to their arid fields and rocky coastline.

Volcano Island Honey Headquarters

Volcano Island Honey Headquarters

But here I was in the Waimea area of Hawaii, in the pouring rain, trying to find the entrance to the Volcano Island Honey Company. With no cell reception, a spinning pinwheel on my GPS, and so much rain I could barely make out the street numbers, I was quickly losing hope.

Volcano Island Honey Entrance Sign

And then, like magic, I saw the red entrance sign and found myself at the farm that is both home to the company’s founder, Richard Spiegel, and the honey company’s headquarters.

Volcano Island Honey spoon

A spoonful of Volcano Island raw white honey

As soon as I knew I’d be visiting Big Island, a field trip to Volcano Island Honey became top priority. I first had their raw white honey almost a decade ago and remember having my mind totally blown. Unlike any honey I’d seen up to that point, it had a milky color, a creamy texture, and a delicate floral sweetness. I was amazed that I could scoop it up as if it were lemon curd and, for the the first time ever, I found myself eating honey right from the spoon. I’ve since used it everywhere from scones and muffins to yogurt and ice cream, and even whipped with mascarpone for an easy spread. Years and years and jars of honey later, I decided it was time to meet the man who started it all.

Richard Spiegel

Richard Spiegel, founder of Volcano Island Honey

In the true spirit of aloha, Richard warmly welcomed me and stopped everything he was doing to share his story. After more than 20 years harvesting honey, it was more than apparent that he loves what he does and that he’s very passionate. I wanted to understand how a lawyer in DC ended up as one of the only people harvesting this Hawaiian honey. Having had the fortune of harvesting honey in the past, I didn’t feel the need to see the bees, but wanted to understand the unique story of this raw white honey.

Goat near a kiawe tree grove

Goat near a kiawe tree grove

And that’s when it hit me: Volcano Island was known for a raw, white honey harvested from kiawe trees (Hawaiian mesquite) yet there was not a single kiawe tree to be found. Richard explained that the kiawe was on the leeward, arid side of the island near Kona (where I had my goat run-in). The kiawe tree thrived in that climate because, at its essence, it’s a dessert-dwelling plant. Some people curse the kiawe tree because it’s a non-native plant that grows like a weed. The reality is that this plant really has a relatively limited impact because it only grows in arid, sea level areas, which is not a large part of Hawaii.

An oasis of kiawe trees on the arid side of the island

The plant is unique because it has extremely persistent, deep roots that can access water in areas where other plants die. On the leeward side of Hawaii, the kiawe drills through the lava rock and taps into aquifers of brackish water. A true oasis in the desert, these kiawe forests prevent deforestation and attract bees. Lots and lots of bees. It was then I mentioned the cottage-dwelling, kiawe-snacking goats I had come across and Richard lit up. He knew exactly which beach I was talking about as his family had a long history of diving there. And it was just a hop and skip north of there where his bees got busy. On a weekly basis, he and his team visit the bees in their kiawe oasis to carefully harvest what honey they produced.

Frames of honey ready to be harvested

The process for harvesting honey is a bit of a chore – you already have to move slowly and calmly to make sure to not upset the bees — but this honey takes it to a whole other level. If harvested too soon, kiawe honey will begin to ferment – great if you want mead, not so much if you want stable honey – but if you harvest it too late it was crystalize. Speaking of crystallization, that’s what’s so unique about this honey. When harvested correctly, the honey settles into an uber-teeny network or sugar crystals which give this honey its distinct, creamy, almost silken texture.

Winter honey extraction

Winter honey extraction

But, the honey itself is only part of the story at Volcano Island because they have forged their own path in extraction too. Whereas most honey is extracted using heat, this, being a raw honey, is cold extracted which makes it that much harder. Also, unlike other beekeepers I’ve met, Richard and his team don’t remove the honeycomb when extracting the honey. This is allows the bees to focus on honey production instead of rebuilding their houses after each harvest. A big help considering it takes over 2 million flowers to get one pound of honey.

Volcano Island DIY workshop

Richard and his team believe in the Hawaiian principle of malama ka ‘aina, or to respect and live in harmony with the land. Since the company’s inception they’ve made a commitment to being low-impact and highly sustainable. They go beyond the industry norm and are always looking for new ways to streamline and improve. Richard showed us this experimental workshop where they actively work to make the frames, the hives, and the productions methods as sustainable as possible. Each step through the workshop reveals another step in the hive creation and management process.

Roller for making beeswax frame cores

What really caught my attention was this device that looked like a honeycomb-textured pasta roller. While other beekeepers line the frames of their hives with synthetic cores, the team at Volcano Island uses this contraption to hand craft all natural wax cores. They melt beeswax on a plank, then peel it off, and run it through this machine, which imprints it with hexagons of the perfect shape and size for honeycomb creation. Suffice it to say their commitment to quality and health extends to the very core of the bee hive.

Tasting the various honeys at Volcano Island

After a few cups of tea, some honey tasting, and some chatter with the gracious staff, it was time to go. I left with one thing stuck in my head: The only difference between a worker bee and a queen bee is the royal jelly that is fed to the bee destined to be a queen. The high quality of the royal jelly works its magic and with time, a queen is born. It’s the perfect analogy for Volcano Island because it’s that same quality of input and care that creates this precious, rare honey.


Contact and Purchasing Information:

Volcano Island Honey Company
46-4013 Puaono Road
Honokaa, HI 96727
808-775-1000


Food Field Trip is a recurring series where I visit artisanal producers and family farms and share their stories with you.


Kekaha Kai Beach Park photo via Flicker courtesy of troymckaskle

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